Renewable source
nanostructured precursors
for carbon fibers
START:01 January 2014
1460
days
END:31 December 2017
ADERA - Canoe
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General presentation of the company

CANOE is a scale-up facility pooling platform created in 2009 on Aquitaine Region Authorities's initiative. CANOE is focused onto the development of innovative organic nanostructured composite and coating technologies. CANOE promotes the technology transfer and the development of industry supply chains (from raw material to finished product) integrating priority local SMEs in the field of transport (aeronautics, automotive, yachting) and renewable energy (photovoltaic, wind power, green chemistry).

Department/division/lab involved in the project

The department of spinning technologies allows the spinning of: - multifilament coagulated fibers with a spinning pilot by coagulation, unique in France, and - monofilament melt fibers. In the two cases nanofillers can be incorporated in the fibers thanks to secured environment on CANOE’s platform.
The department has the following special equipment: Multifilament spinning line by coagulation (wet way) ; Monofilament spinning line by extrusion (melting way); Dispersion tool for blending CNT and cellulose in solutions or melt, using different types of compounders (kneader or twin screw extruders) and different screw profiles.

Main contributions to the project

CANOE will work on the melt spinning process of the mixture of lignin and CNT and on the coagulation spinning process for the mixture of cellulose and CNT.

Arkema
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General presentation of the company

A global chemical company and France’s leading chemicals producer, ARKEMA is building the future of the chemical industry every day. Deploying a responsible, innovation-based approach, we produce state-of-the-art specialty chemicals that provide customers with practical solutions to such challenges as climate change, access to drinking water, the future of energy, fossil fuel preservation and the need for lighter materials. With operations in more than 40 countries, some 13,200 employees and 10 research centers, ARKEMA generates annual revenue of €5.9 billion, and holds leadership positions in all its markets with a portfolio of internationally recognized brands.


Department/division/lab involved in the project

The Lacq Research Group (GRL) and its 180 researchers are acknowledged for their skills in development of nanostructured materials and will be in charge of the project.

Main contributions to the project

ARKEMA will manage the production of CNT and their dispersion in solids or liquids and can rely on a strong background based on the know-how acquired since 2003 on CNT.

AVANA industries
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General presentation of the company

AVANA is specialized for composite prototype development for the industry. Main activity is aerospace secondary acitivity is automotive, both commercial and personal cars mostly carbon fiber related developments. AVANA can contribute to the project with tooling and prototyping. Other benefit is the knowledge what AVANA gained on the FP7-SME-2010-1 project. With this knowledge AVANA is able to design, produce and test parts from carbon graphite, that are up to 30% lighter yet stronger, than parts made from traditional multidirectional or woven products.

Main contributions to the project

The proposed role is developing testing methods for automotive parts. AVANA can utilize is this project as well the knowledge gained from other FP7 programs like the “Embroidery” where AVANA is a proprietary owner of a
special software that was developed on the “Embroidery” project as a possible development tool for highly stressed parts.

ayming
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General presentation of the company

AYMING SAS (www.ayming.fr) is an Operational Management Consulting Company of which the Innovation Department, settled both in Lyon and Paris in France, is specialised since 1994, in the engineering and coordination of collaborative, both national and international, R&D projects.
AYMING owns a recognised expertise in the management of collaborative projects (since 5th FP) covering all thematic including Health, taking in charge of the day-to-day (operational) project management. For more than fifteen years, AYMING Consulting Group, thanks to its collaboration with R&D consortia, has developed specific and original knowledge and methodologies in the management of partnerships to support them efficiently in the achievement of their objectives.
The Innovation Department consists of 300 employees (consultants and administrators) with graduated engineer and/or PhD background with complementary training in marketing, technology transfer and project management.

Main contributions to the project

In CARBOPREC, AYMING’s actions will be dedicated to day-to-day (operational) management of the project in WP9 as support of the coordinator:

  • Contractual and financial follow-up according to EC requirements (preparation of the reporting, packaging of the deliverables, amendments…)
  • Definition and follow-up of a quality management policy

Support on project strategic orientation with respect of the contractual aspects, objectives of the project and interests of the participants like SMEs and assistance “as neutral partner” in decision making and conflict resolution.

BALAKOVO CARBON PRODUCTION
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General presentation of the company

LLC "Balakovo Carbon Production" was organized in 2007 with the aim of the development and implementation of projects for the production of carbon fibers based on hydrated cellulose fibers and products made ​​of composite materials. The company is developing in the following areas: implementation research and development and scientific research, the production of carbon fibers based on hydrated cellulose fibers, production of carbon fiber filled plastics for industry and transport, the production for industrial suppliers and consumer goods made of fiberglass and plastic, providing services to research and control-analytical testing laboratories

Department/division/lab involved in the project

The several departments involved in CARBOPREC are: Scientific-research and analytical center dealing with research, development and technological services, carries out quality control of raw materials and finished products; provides quantitative chemical analysis and other laboratory tests.

Main contributions to the project

Arrangement of competitive domestic production of carbon fiber material will allow to provide modern composite materials to the construction, transport, energy and other sectors of Russian and East European Industry. The company is specializing on CF materials produced from renewable recourses such us hydrocellulose, focusing on their technical benefits as compared to conventional CF materials. BCP is going to contribute with their last years experience and knowledge on carbonization and graphitization process of hydrocellulose precursors, offering their pilot scale equipment and all surrounding facilities. The flexibility of BCP carbonization and graphitization pilot line will aloud to optimize the process conditions for CF production on 3 main stages: lab scale precursor prototypes (non continuous carbonization), first selection of precursors in continuous carbonization, as well as in Pilot scale CF production for demonstrator and prototypes manufacturing. BCP will contribute in the economic analysis of CF supply chain, basing on all experience of the project.

CETI
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General presentation of the company

CETI : European Center of Innovative Textile

Major european actor in textile solutions for future trends and needs, adapted to the environment, it aims to bring durable solutions and added value innovations. Located in the heart of the Euroregion, the CETI drives innovation from source to end-uses - in the textile and clothing industry.

A one-of-a-kind place to design, prototype, experiment and develop new products & materials for textile and clothing sector. The selected startups access with the help of the mentorship of the CETI textile engineering team to the advanced "Innovation platforms". The CETI offers innovation solutions to get inspiration, to create and structure a project, to dematerialize conception and prototyping in 3D virtualization, to design innovative fibers, to develop textile structure (woven and nonwoven) and to sew finished products.

CETI is a unique, technological platform including : one of five platforms of three spinning components existing in the world, used to create new materials and a flexibility of the configuration of its lines "spun-laid" and "dry laid " with over 100 existing possible combinations to create new non-woven textile structures.
The aim of CETI is to produce, thanks to their innovation design dedicated space and their research and development platform, solutions and demonstrators that provide proof of new intelligent textiles interacting with our aspirations of : eco-design and recycling (bio-sourced textiles, ultrathin filaments and composites), new functionality included in the textile base (Health, well-being,…) and connected textile.

Main contributions to the project

CETI will be involved in the process of the development of lignin fibers doped by CNT. CETI will start from its own monofilament technology, in order to evaluate the processability of the raw material, to finally collect monofilament yarn into a multifilament way.

CTAG
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General presentation of the company

CTAG is a private, non-profit R&D technological automotive centre devoted to support the automotive industry in its R&D needs. CTAG is present in all the stages of product development, from initial advanced research to product life. The fields of competence where CTAG concentrates its activities are: new materials, manufacturing processes and safety, environment, electronics and intelligent transportation systems and ergonomics.

Main contributions to the project

Since a very earlier point, CTAG has an area specialized in new materials R&D, which is provided with specific software for the simulation of plastic injection moulding, instruments for 3D design and an injection lab. CTAG would contribute to the success of this project through their expertise in the definition of specifications and the development of testing methodologies for the automobile sector as well as other industries. CTAG capacities also include multiple tests equipments for the characterization and validation of components, including large size parts, for example: Mechanical tests (crash tests, impact resistance, flexible and tensile strength, etc.); Climatic tests (ageing tests, thermal impact, salt mist resistance, etc.); Fatigue test (vibration and acoustic tests, combustibility, volatile emission, etc.). As a result, CTAG will carry out the definition of the Demonstrators Validation Plans, will develop the most adequate testing methodologies for the materials and case studies defined in this project and will perform the tests, to demonstrate the advantages obtained with the use of new carbon fiber.

FRAUNHOFER
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General presentation of the company

Fraunhofer is Europe’s largest application-oriented research organization. Our research efforts are geared entirely to people’s needs: health, security, communication, energy and the environment. As a result, the work undertaken by our researchers and developers has a significant impact on people’s lives.

Department/division/lab involved in the project

FhG IGB develops and optimizes processes in Interfacial Engineering and Materials Science always with a view to economic efficiency and sustainability. The Department of Interfacial Technology and Material Science has a strong focus on plasma-based processes for modification of materials and material surfaces. We investigate the physical and chemical impacts of plasma and we conduct process development as well as design and construction of plasma reactors.

FhG CBP is the main actor in the “German Lignocellulose Biorefinery Feedstock Project” dealing with the establishment of an economical and sustainably integrated process for the complete usage of lignocellulose on a large industrial scale and to produce bio-based building blocks and polymers. A strong focus is on the valorisation of lignin. The FhG CBP is operating miniplants to develop and scale processes utilizing renewable raw materials up to an industrial scale.

Main contributions to the project

Fraunhofer will contribute to the development of pure, tailored lignin-based precursor materials produced on the basis of European wood species fractionated by organosolv-pulping. Chemical modification of the precursor materials will be tailored with respect to effective plasma assisted crosslinking for stabilization of the melt spun lignin-CNT fibers. With respect to time-efficient and effective stabilization of ligning-CNT fibers, plasma activation will be investigated. Additionally, application of a functional sizing to the final carbon fibers by plasma treatment will be investigated for subsequent fibre processing.

MATERIALS DESIGN & PROCESSING
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General presentation of the company

The Material Design and Processing company is an SME established in 2003 as Spin-Off of the University of Perugia, with the aim to apply and valorise the results of the extensive research programs in Material Science and Technology developed by the founders at the Materials Engineering Centre of the University of Perugia.
The mission of the company is to transfer technology from academia to industry, with particular attention to Life Cycle Assessment technology and material science, supplying them technological support in order to improve their competitiveness.
M.D.P. S.r.l. is active in different sectors of polymer science, including recycling and LCA; moreover MDP is active in the evaluation of environmental impact of specific products and processes by using the LCA approach.

Main contributions to the project

In the project CARBOPREC MDP is interested to the environmental efficiency evaluation of the new technologies by using a comparative analysis with the conventional systems based on LCA approach.
MDP is active on LCA since 2003 and has developed several studies both for private companies and for institution as for example University of Perugia, RIGENERA srl, etc.

PLASTINOV
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General presentation of the company

PLASTINOV (PLN) has been involved in advanced composite part since the early 1970’s. PLN designs and produces molds and composites components both using glass and carbon reinforcements. In 2008, PLN made his first steps into the wind energy and manufacture his first wind turbine housing by infusion (15 meters long). Then, PLN manufactures more than 50 wind turbine blades 23 meter long by infusion. Specialized, in big size rotor blades manufacturing, we also prototype smaller parts as fly simulator or vehicle parts. Now, its main used process is resin infusion.

Main contributions to the project

PLASTINOV provides services and equipment within the company enabling it to ask many requests:

  • From a 3D file, we are able to design by CATIA a part adapted to composite process. After validation, we create 3D and 2D drawings of plug and mold
  • We provide a plug and manufacture a mold adapted to process and material (simple or including an electrical heating systems, are processed by infusion or hand lay-up with epoxy or polyester resin).
  • We manufacture prototypes and parts.

RENAULT
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General presentation of the company

Group with industrial and commercial presence in 118 countries, RENAULT designs, develops, manufactures and sells innovative, safe and environmentally-friendly vehicles worldwide. Its 122.615 employees contribute to a strategy of profitable growth based on three key factors: competitiveness, innovation and international expansion. RENAULT’s target is to be the most profitable of European generalist automotive company and had a turnover in 2010 of 39 billion.

The Group is accelerating its international development and pursuing the Alliance with Nissan. At the end of 2007 and throughout 2008 the RENAULT-Nissan Alliance has announced a strategy of massive deployment of electric vehicles using Liion batteries. Up to now 40 partnership agreements have been signed worldwide with private companies and local public authorities. The Alliance aims to have the leadership in ZEV mass diffusion.

The Group's activities are organized in two main Divisions :

  • The Automobile Division designs, develops and markets passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. Alongside RENAULT, this Division includes the brands Samsung and Dacia.
  • The Sales Financing Division contributes to RENAULT's sales and marketing activities. It includes RCI Banque and its subsidiaries, making a total of some 60 companies underpinning the Group's international development.

RENAULT has a strong experience on automotive industry focused on “sustainable mobility” for all. In order to reach this mobility for all, RENAULT has developed an international network of competencies (R&AE, design, style, process…) and an international network of plants to be as close to the market.

Material science is one of these competencies and is available worldwide. Its corporate (FRANCE) is focused on new materials for current or new applications.

Department/division/lab involved in the project

Material Engineering Department. 350 peoples. The department is the center of expertise for RENAULT for materials and their processing.

Main contributions to the project

RENAULT will have demonstrators made out of the carbon fibers produced by the project and will evaluate them in order to determine their interest for the car industry.

SIGMATEX
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General presentation of the company

SIGMATEX are high-tech converters of carbon fibre, producing a wide range of quality fabrics for composite applications. A range of solutions have been developed depending on the end user requirement including 2D & 3D woven and non-crimp fabrics from a state of the art facility. SIGMATEX is a world leader in Carbon Fibre Weaving and the state of the art facility in the UK has developed a number of conversion technologies for speciality fibers which are difficult to convert into fabrics. The Technical R&D Centre in the UK will be the department contributing to the execution of the project.

Main contributions to the project

SIGMATEX has participated in many research projects and received prestigious awards for its innovation in textile processing and products. It is anticipated that SIGMATEX will be responsible for the conversion of the fibrous materials into a format that can be fed into the Composites Market. With current experience in weaving of ultra high modulus brittle Carbon fibers, metallic fibers, aramids and other exotic materials, SIGMATEX is very well placed to realise the objectives required of the project.

2D Weaving - Industry leading producer of woven reinforcements from carbon and other technical fibers. Also developed spread tow fabrics.

3D Weaving - 3D weaving has been at SIGMATEX for the last 4 years with collaborative research and development on many complex weave styles and structures produced – hybrid included. Dedicated state of the art technology in the R & D department with skills and design capabilities to match.
Non Crimp Fabrics (NCF) - Leading producer of carbon multiaxial fabrics, servicing the aerospace, automotive and marine markets, equipped with the latest cut and lay technology.

UNIVERSITY OF FREIBURG
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General presentation of the company

The University of Freiburg is a renowned higher education university in Germany and the birth place of Macromolecular Sciences with the Nobel prize winner Hermann Staudinger. The Chair of Forest Biomaterials focuses on the valorization of lignocellulosic resources into innovative biomaterials. We conduct fundamental and applied research to better understand the structure and the properties of natural materials such as the lignocellulosic cell wall. We then utilize plant-derived biopolymers to develop new bio-based composites with tailored performance and functions. A particular focus of the research is on the model and design of interfaces and morphologies in polymer blends and bionanocomposites.

Main contributions to the project

In the project, we will focus on the fundamental investigations of CNT doped lignin and cellulose precursors in terms of morphology, molecular scale organization and interfacial adhesion. In past projects we have studied in detail the organization and morphology of lignin based thermoplastic materials. Our past experience has mainly focused on understanding and improving adhesion mechanism in bio-based composites. Our laboratory is fully equipped to study morphology in polymer, polymer blends and nanocomposites, including all traditional thermal (and rheological) analysis as well as imaging of nanocomposites with AFM, TEM, STM and raman microscopy. Through the Chair membership in the Freiburg materials Research Center (FMF) in Freiburg, access to all routine and sophisticated Materials characterization tools is also warranted.

UNIVERSITY OF HAMBURG (UNI-HH)
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General presentation of the company

University of Hamburg (UNI HH) is linked to the Thünen-Institut (TI), a research centre of the German federal government. The intense cooperation between UNI HH and TI is legally anchored and has been accepted by the European Commission as one legal entity. On the joint campus, research on paper grade & dissolving pulps, biorefinery processes, cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin and adhesive chemistry is performed.

Department/division/lab involved in the project

The team of Wood Chemistry (TI) and Chemical Wood Technology (UNI HH) has a joint pilot plant for pulping and bleaching experiments including organosolv pulping under explosion proof conditions. The team has excellent facilities for the analytical characterisation of pulp, cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin as well as all by-products from pulping processes (AEC, AEC-MS, HPLC, GC-MS, SEC-MALLS, NMR, FTIR). Due to the cooperation with the Wood Biology Section modern microscopic equipments and expertise are available as well (scanning UV microscopy and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy).

Main contributions to the project

The role is the production and characterisation of cellulose by various production routes and the analysis of lignin and modified lignin produced by other partners. The team has a long experience in all aspects of pulping and bleaching as well as cellulose and lignin chemistry.